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Ecole d'été "Human Nature and the Question of Human Individuality" 25-29 juillet 2016, Gut Siggen, Allemagne

25-29 July 2016, Gut Siggen (East Holstein, north of Lübeck, Germany;
see http://toepfer-stiftung.de/seminarzentrum-gut-siggen/)

The concept of human nature and the question of how it relates to human individuality is among the most controversial topics in the life and social sciences. ‘Human nature’, as traditionally conceived, presumes an essence of ‘being human’ that can be interpreted as at conflict with claims about individuality and heterogeneity. Furthermore, it illustrates the complex intermingling of society and science, of norms and natures, and of values and facts. For instance, societal assumptions about what is normal contribute to the practice of making generalizations about what is human, which then becomes its own epistemic practice. Yet, all sciences that deal with humans necessitate generalizations to a certain extent. Debates surrounding these issues tend to parallel discussions about race, but there are important differences too. What does the history and sociology of claims about ‘human nature’ look like, especially in contrast with the idea of individuality? How have related concepts and points of comparison changed in post-essentialist times? Do we need to eliminate all talk about human nature, as already suggested for the concept of human race, because it disregards individuality and leads to the exclusion of people conceived of as ‘less human’?

This is the second of two international and interdisciplinary summer schools on individuality organized by the Philosophy of the Life Sciences in Germany network and funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. The first summer school took place in July 2015 and explored questions about biological individuality in general. This second summer school will focus on the concept of human nature and on human individuality. Both summer schools aim to bring together different perspectives in the life sciences from philosophy, history, and social studies.

Lecturers:
Torsten Heinemann (Hamburg)
Edouard Machery (Pittsburgh)
Erika Milam (Princeton)
Henrike Moll (Southern California)

Organizers, instructors & chairs:
Marie I. Kaiser (Cologne), Maria Kronfeldner (Budapest), Thomas Reydon (Hannover), Georg Toepfer (Berlin)

Program:
Day 1: Arrival – introductory presentations by the organizers – build groups and establish themes for group work – group work
Days 2-4: Lecture – group work – brief presentations by students
Day 5: “Meet a scientist” session – closing discussion – departure after lunch

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