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À propos de la SPS

La Société de Philosophie des Sciences est une société savante dont le but est de promouvoir la philosophie des sciences. Elle est ouverte à toutes les formes de réflexion sur la science et sur la pratique scientifique, mais le cœur de ses activités se situe dans la philosophie proprement dite, dans la variété de ses pratiques.

Les activités de la SPS comprennent notamment l’organisation de congrès et de conférences, le parrainage de colloques et journées d'études, la publication d’ouvrages et d'une revue, et la diffusion d’informations pertinentes (travaux, vie académique, ressources, etc.) liées à la philosophie des sciences.

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Antoine DUSSAULT, lauréat du prix Jeunes Chercheurs de la SPS

Antoine DUSSAULT, lauréat du prix Jeunes Chercheurs de la SPS

La SPS a le plaisir d'annoncer que le lauréat du Prix Jeunes Chercheurs 2017-18 est :

Antoine DUSSAULT (CIRST & Collège Lionel-Groulx, Montréal)

pour son article "Functional Ecology’s Non-Selectionist Understanding of Function" publié dans Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (2018, 70, pp.1-9)


2èmes ex-aequo :

- Valeriya CHASOVA (Université Catholique de Louvain) pour son article "Local symmetries with direct empirical status, gauge symmetries,and the empirical approach"

- Gauvain LECONTE (Lycée de l’Europe, Dunkerque) pour son article "Predictive success, partial truth and Duhemian realism" publié dans Synthese (2017, 194, Issue 9, pp 3245–3265)

(voir infra pour les résumés)

Liste évaluateurs :
- Anouk Barberousse (Université Paris-Sorbonne)
- Anastasios Brenner (Université Montpellier
- Angelo Cei (Università Roma 3)
Hasok Chang (Université of Cambridge)
Mikaël Cozik (Université Paris 12)
Carl Craver (Washington University in St. Louis)
Denis Couvet (MNHN Paris)
Olivier Darrigol (SPHERE, CNRS & Université Paris 7)
Jean-Paul Delahaye (Université Lille 1)
David Depew (The University of Iowa)
Richard-Emmanuel Eastes (SEGALLIS)
Denis Forest (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Steven French (University of Leeds)
Elodie Giroux (Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3)
Alexei Grimbaum (CEA-Saclay)
Niccolo’ Guicciardini (Università di Bergamo)
Brice Halimi (Université Paris Nanterre )
Gerhard Heinzmann (Université de Lorraine)
Thierry Hoquet (Université Paris Nanterre)
Paul Humphreys (Université of Virginia)
Philippe Huneman (IHPST, CNRS & Université Paris 1)
Max Kistler (IHPST, CNRS & Université Paris 1)
Cyrille Imbert (Archives Poincaré, CNRS & Université de Lorraine)
James Ladyman (University of Bristol)
Guillaum Lecointre (MNHN Paris)
Maël Lemoine (Université de Bordeaux)
Laurent Loison (IHPST, CNRS & Université Paris 1)
Alex Manafu (York University Toronto)
Virginie Maris (CEFE, CNRS)
Pierre-Olivier Méthot (Université Laval)
Matteo Morganti (Università La Sapienza Roma)
Olivier Morin (MPI-SHH Jena)
Matteo Mossio (IHPST, CNRS & Université Paris 1)
Gerd Müller (University of Vienna)
Antonio Nunziante (Università di Padova)
Marie-Hélène Parizeau (Université Laval)
Cédric Paternotte (Université Paris-Sorbonne)
Thomas Pradeu (CNRS & Université de Bordeaux)
Sophie Roux (ENS Paris)
Stéphanie Ruphy (Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3)
Julien Reiss (Durham University)
Christian Sachse (Université de Lausanne)
Stéphane Schmitt (SPHERE, CNRS & Université Paris 7)
Kathryn Tabb (Columbia University)
Serife Tekin (Daemen College, Buffalo NY)
Giovanni Valente (Pittsburgh University)
Mark Van Atten (SND, CNRS)
Marion Vorms (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Pierre Wagner (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)
Denis Walsh (University of Toronto)
Charles Wolfe (Ghent University)


Jury final :

- Cyrille Imbert (Archives Poincaré, CNRS & Université de Lorraine)
- Maël Lemoine (Université de Bordeaux)
- Francesca Merlin (CNRS & Université Paris 1)

L'organisation du prix et la supervisation de l'évaluation des soumissions sont l'oeuvre de Francesca Merlin.


Résumés des articles primés :

- Antoine DUSSAULT (CIRST & Collège Lionel-Groulx, Montréal),"Functional Ecology’s Non-Selectionist Understanding of Function" publié dans Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences (2018, 70, pp.1-9)

Résumé. This paper reinforces the current consensus against the applicability of the selected effect theory of function in ecology. It does so by presenting an argument which, in contrast with the usual argument invoked in support of this consensus, is not based on claims about whether ecosystems are customary units of natural selection. Instead, the argument developed here is based on observations about the use of the function concept in functional ecology, and more specifically, research into the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. It is argued that a selected effect account of ecological functions is made implausible by the fact that it would conflict with important aspects of the understanding of function and ecosystem functional organization which underpins functional ecology's research program. Specifically, it would conflict with (1) Functional ecology's adoption of a context-based understanding of function and its aim to study the functional equivalence between phylogenetically-divergent organisms; (2) Functional ecology's attribution to ecosystems of a lower degree of part-whole integration than the one found in paradigm individual organisms; and (3) Functional ecology's adoption of a physiological or metabolic perspective on ecosystems rather than an evolutionary one.

- Valeriya CHASOVA (Université Catholique de Louvain) pour son article "Local symmetries with direct empirical status, gauge symmetries,and the empirical approach"

Résumé. I use the empirical approach to the direct empirical status (DES) to clarify the question of which theoretical symmetries have DES. I prove in particular that if a global symmetry has the
identifiable observational DES by virtue of representing observable features of an identifiable empirical symmetry, then using gauge symmetries a local symmetry with the same DES can always be constructed. I explain why this demonstrates that currently we should take local symmetries to be at least as much relevant for the ontology as global symmetries are.

- Gauvain LECONTE (Lycée de l’Europe, Dunkerque)
pour son article "Predictive success, partial truth and Duhemian realism" publié dans Synthese (2017, 194, Issue 9, pp 3245–3265)

Résumé. According to a defense of scientific realism known as the “divide et impera move”, mature scientific theories enjoying predictive success are partially true. This paper investigates a paradigmatic historical case: the prediction, based on Fresnel’s wave theory of light, that a bright spot should figure in the shadow of a disc. Two different derivations of this prediction have been given by both Poisson and Fresnel. I argue that the details of these derivations highlight two problems of indispensability arguments, which state that only the indispensable constituents of this success are worthy of belief and retained through theory-change. The first problem is that, contrary to a common claim, Fresnel’s integrals are not needed to predict the bright spot phenomenon. The second problem is that the hypotheses shared by to these two derivations include problematic idealizations. I claim that this example leads us to be skeptical about which aspects of our current theories are worthy of belief.

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